Posted on 29 juin 2020

Procare Medical Center (french doctors)

CHICKENPOX (Varicella) :

Chickenpox is an infection caused by varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox is highly contagious to people who haven't had the disease or been vaccinated against it. Today, a vaccine is available that protects children against chickenpox.

Clinical Features :
• Fever
• Tiredness, Headache
• Itchy Blister rash : New bumps continue to appear for several days, so you may have all three stages of the rash — bumps, blisters and scabbed lesions — at the same time. You can spread the virus to other people for up to 48 hours before the rash appears, and the virus remains contagious until all broken blisters have crusted over (10-14days).

Transmission : respiratory secretions ( patient’s saliva), patien’s blisters.

Prevention : washing your hands often, covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, avoiding close contact with people who are sick.

Treatment : it usually involves relieving symptoms (fever, itchiness), clean the blisters.
Complications :
• Bacterial infections of the skin.
• Dehydration
• Pneumonia
• Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)
• Toxic shock syndrome
• Reye's syndrome when patient takes aspirin during chickenpox (hepatitis, encephalopathy, death). Use Ibuprofen with caution.
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