Posted on 29 juin 2020

Procare Medical Center (french doctors)

PARVOVIRUS B19 (Fith Disease, Mégalerytheme épidemique)

Parvovirus B19 is a common childhood viral illness. Transmission can occur via the respiratory route, hand-to-mouth contact, blood products, and vertically from the mother to the fetus. About 50 per cent of all adults have been infected sometime during childhood or adolescence. People who have had parvovirus B19 are usually immune to it for life.

Clinical Features :
• Mild symptoms (fever, running nose, headache, rash)
• "slapped-cheek" rash on the face. It can spread to the chest, back, buttocks, or arms and legs. The rash resolves in 7 to 10 days.
• Some adults with fifth disease may only have painful joints, swelling joints or both (hands, feet, or knees) with peeling skin, and no other symptoms. The joint pain usually lasts 1 to 3 weeks, but it can last for months or longer. It usually goes away without any long-term problems.
• Pregnancy : 3% of complications (abortion, severe fetal anemia, nonimmune hydrops fetalis, even fetal demise)

Prevention : washing your hands often, covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, avoiding close contact with people who are sick.

Treatment : Parvovirus B19 infection is usually mild and will go away on its own. Children and adults who are otherwise healthy usually recover completely. Treatment usually involves relieving symptoms, such as fever, itching, and joint pain and swelling.
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